Shared Parenting Information Group (SPIG) UK

- promoting responsible shared parenting after separation and divorce -

Carol Smart

Professor Carol Smart
Centre for Research on Family, Kinship and Childhood
Department of Sociology and Social Policy
University of Leeds

Tel: 0113-233-4431

Carol Smart is Professor of Sociology at the University of Leeds and formerly Senior Lecturer at the University of Warwick. She is currently the Director of the Centre for Research on Family Kinship and Childhood at Leeds. She has recently completed an ESRC-funded project on 'Households in Transition' and a book from the project entitled Family Fragments will be published by Polity Press in 1998. She is now working on several projects on childhood, including one on the history of child sexual abuse in the UK 1908-1960. Her most recent book is Law, Crime and Sexuality (Sage, 1995).

Carol Smart has a long-standing interest in feminist approaches to the family, marriage and divorce. She is currently (1998) developing this work through an ESRC funded project on how parents negotiate over children on divorce and this work will be extended under Nuffield Foundation funding to cover how children experience post-divorce parenthood. In addition she has received ESRC funding to research children's views on shared parenting after divorce. Her other major interests are in the fields of socio-legal studies, feminist theory and sexuality. These unite in a new Leverhulme funded fellowship in which she will be examining the history of child sexual abuse in Britain between 1920 and 1960.

Previous posts:

1983-91 (?) - lecturer in sociology at the University of Warwick where she taught courses on women's studies, feminism and law, and on sexuality.
1979-82 - SSRC research fellow at the Faculty of Law, University of Sheffield
1974-78 - lecturer in sociology at Trent Polytehchnic

She has published in the areas of criminology, family law and social policy. She has been editor of The International Journal of the Sociology of Law and was formerly director of the National Council of One Parent Families (1984?).

The Centre for Research on Family, Kinship and Childhood at Leeds was launched in 1997 with the aim of promoting interdisciplinary social scientific research in this field.


Smart, Carol (1976) Women, crime and criminology: a feminist critique. Routledge
Smart, Carol and Smart, Barry (eds) (1978) Women, sexuality and social control Routledge
Clarke, John; Cochrane, Alan; Smart, Carol (1981) Ideologies of welfare: from dreams to disillusion
Smart, Carol (1982) Regulating families or legitimising patriarchy? - family law in Britain International Journal of the Sociology of Law; 10 (2) p 129-47
Smart, Carol (1983) Patriarchal relations and law in: Evans, M and Ungaree, C (eds) Patterns and processes in sexual divisions; Tavistock
Smart, Carol (1984) The ties that bind: law, marriage and the reproduction of patriarchal relationships. Routledge
Brophy, Julia and Smart, Carol (eds) (1985) Women in law: explorations in law, family and sexuality Routledge
Smart, Carol and Brophy Julia (1985) Locating the law: a discussion of the place of law in feminism. in: Brophy and Smart (eds) Women in law: explorations in law, family and sexuality; Routledge
Smart, Carol (1986) Feminism and law: some problems of analysis and strategy. International Journal of the Sociology of Law; 14(2) pp 109-23
Smart, Carol (1987) "There is of course the distinction dictated by nature": law and the nature of paternity. in: Stanworth, M (ed) Reproductive technologies: gender, motherhood and medicine; Polity Press
Smart, Carol and Sevenhuijsen, Selma (eds) . (1989) Child custody and the politics of gender. Routledge.
Smart, Carol (1989) Power and the politics of child custody. in: Smart, C + Sevenhuijsen, Selma (eds) Child custody and the politics of gender; Routledge.
Smart, Carol (ed) (1989) Feminism and the power of law. Routledge
Smart, Carol (1990) Law's power, the sexed body, and feminist discourse. Journal of Law and Society; 17 (2), p.194-210.
Smart, Carol (1991) The legal and moral ordering of child custody. Journal of Law and Society; 18 (4) p 485-500.
Smart, Carol (ed) (1992) Regulating womanhood: historical essays on marriage, motherhood and sexuality. Routledge.
Smart, Carol (1992) Disruptive bodies and unruly sex: the regulation of reproduction and sexuality in the nineteenth century in: Smart, C (ed) Regulating womanhood: historical essays on marriage, motherhood and sexuality; Routledge
Smart, Carol (1992) Unquestionably a moral issue: rhetorical devices and regulatory imperatives. in: Segal L. and McIntosh M. (eds) Sex exposed; sexuality and the pornography debate: Virago, pp 184-199;
Smart, Carol (1995) Law, crime and sexuality: essays in feminism. Sage
Smart, Carol (1995) Losing the battle for another voice? - the case of family law. Dalhousie Law Journal, 18(2), pp 1-23;
Smart, Carol (1996) Desperately seeking post-heterosexual woman. in: Holland, J and Adkins, L (eds) Sex, sensibility and the gendered body; Macmillan p 222-41
Smart, Carol (1996) Feminist interventions and state policy. in: Rodgers, S and Andrew, C (eds) Women and the Canadian state; University of McGill Press (Montreal)
Smart, Carol (1996) Deconstructing motherhood. in: Silva, E (ed) Good enough mothering?; Routledge p37-57;
Smart, Carol (1996) Good wives and moral lives: family and divorce 1937-51. in: Gledhill, C and Swanson, G (eds) Nationalising femininity: culture, sexuality and British cinema in the second world war; Manchester University Press
Smart, Carol and Neale, Bren (1997) Arguments against virtue - must contact be enforced? [1997] Family Law p 332-36
Smart, Carol (1997) Wishful thinking or harmful tinkering? - sociological reflections on family policy. Journal of Social Policy; 26(30) p 301-21
Neale, Bren and Smart, Carol (1997) Experiments with parenthood? Sociology; 31(2) p 201-19
Smart, Carol and Neale, Bren (1997) Good enough morality? - divorce and postmodernity; Critical Social Policy; (53) p3-27
Neale, Bren and Smart, Carol (1997) 'Good' and 'bad' lawyers? - struggling in the shadow of the new law; Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law; 19 (4) p377-402

Possibly by same author:

(need checking out)
Smart, C (1987) Patriarchy and the law. Scolag (Jun 87), p.94-6. (Scottish Legal Action Group Annual Conference in April 1987)
Smart, C (1989) Counselling practice: counselling homosexual/bisexual people with particular reference to young lesbian women. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth; 1 (4) (1989), p.379-93.
Smart, C (1990) The winds of change Insight vol 5 (14 Mar 90), p.26-8.

David Cannon
Last updated - 27 November 1998

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